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Born:c.1593...(Show more)Died:June 17, 1631BurhanpurIndia...(Show more)House / Dynasty:Mughal dynasty...(Show more)Notable family Members:spouse shah Jahānson Aurangzeb...(Show more)

Mumtaz Mahal, byname the Arjumand Banu, additionally called Arjumand Banu Begum, (born c. 1593—died June 17, 1631, Burhanpur, India), wife of shah Jahān, Mughal emperor of India (1628–58). Having passed away at a young period only a couple of years into her husband’s reign, she memory influenced the building and construction of the Taj Mahal, where she is entombed.

Life, family, and also marriage

Born Arjumand Banu, she was a member that a household that came to command the within court the the Mughal dynasty in the 17th century. She family’s high condition was secured as soon as her aunt Mehr al-Nesāʾ married shah Jahān’s father, Jahāngīr, in 1611 (and afterwards she was known as Nūr Jahān). Arjumand’s grand Mirzā Ghiyās Beg (known likewise as Iʿtimād al-Dawlah, “Pillar that the State”), who had gone into the imperial court throughout the power of Akbar (reigned 1556–1605), to be then appointed the grand vizier the the empire. Abū al-Ḥasan Āṣaf Khan, Arjumand’s father and Nūr Jahān’s brother, also attained a high rank in ~ the court and also later came to be grand vizier under shah Jahān.

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Arjumand was betrothed come Prince Khurram (the pre-regnal name of shaman Jahān) in 1607, but it to be not till 1612—the date chosen by the court astrologers—that lock were allowed to marry. In the meantime, he had taken an additional wife, and also Arjumand thus came to be his 2nd wife. She boring 14 kids during their marriage, 7 of whom endured to adulthood. Their third son to be Aurangzeb, the last an excellent Mughal emperor (1658–1707).


Shah Jahān acceded the throne in 1628 and conferred ~ above Arjumand the location of Mumtāz Maḥall (“Chosen among the Palace”). Despite she did no assert authority to the degree her aunt had done, she supplied her place to promote humanitarian programs for the needy. In 1631, though pregnant, she accompanied shaman Jahān ~ above a military campaign in the Deccan. When in Burhanpur, she provided birth to your 14th child and soon after passed away from hemorrhaging. She was buried temporarily in Burhanpur, until her human body was moved to Agra in January 1632. That exact same month, construction started on the Taj Mahal over the site of her burial.

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The Taj Mahal mausoleum, constructed in honour of Mumtaz Mahal and containing the tombs of both her and also her husband, shaman Jahān, in Agra, India.