Dexter Scott King, 2nd left, martin Luther King III, back second right, and also Bernice King, right, room joined through their household as they lay a wreath ~ above the dig of your parents’ crypt external of the King facility in Atlanta on Wednesday, April 4, 2018. (Alyssa Pointer/Atlanta Journal-Constitution via AP)

Sometime roughly May that 1960, as soon as written letters were tho a thing, the emerging social critic James Baldwin contacted the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. To key a magazine article.

You are watching: Martin luther king jr against gay marriage

“I certainly do not expect you come remember it, but we met over two years ago, in Atlanta,” stated Baldwin, climate in his mid-30s, that at the time had two novels, a play and a arsenal of essays come his name. “I am writing you now since Harper’s Magazine has asked me to carry out a file of you, and also I am comes to Atlanta — I do not recognize whether you room there or not, but one have to start somewhere.”

*
Added Baldwin, “I am one of the millions, to be uncovered all end the people but more especially here, in this sorely troubled country, who say thanks to God because that you.”

The result essay was an ext than simply prophetic. Released in Harper’s in 1961, seven years before King’s assassination, “The dangerous Road before Martin Luther King” was also the begin of a quiet but an effective friendship in between Baldwin — that was openly gay — and also the civil civil liberties leader, who seemingly ambiguous see on gay legal rights were overshadowed by his search of racial justice and economic equality for black color Americans.


Raised in brand-new York, Baldwin came to understand the American south through King, an expertise that would inform Baldwin’s 1963 best-seller “The Fire following Time.” and King was equally appreciative that his new friend’s essays on race. “Your evaluation of the problem is always creative and penetrating,” said King, in a September 1961 letter adhering to the publishing of Baldwin’s recent collection. “Your honesty and also courage in telling the reality to white Americans, also if the hurts, is most impressive.”

Unlike other members that his family, King never publicly taken on homosexuality, however he never ever publicly condemned it, either. Bayard Rustin, an openly gay civil legal rights organizer, became one the King’s closestly advisers. For a time, Rustin ran the prominent Southern Christian leadership Conference, which flourished out of the 13-month Montgomery Bus Boycott and other historical demonstrations that King remains known for. In 1987, a year before he died, Rustin stated the two never ever spoke about his sexuality: “He never felt it vital to talk about that with me.”

Then there to be Coretta Scott King, the outspoken leader who some speak turned MLK political. She experienced equality in regards to race, and beyond it. As soon as they married in 1953, Coretta insisted that the word “obey” was dropped from she wedding vows. She campaigned tirelessly because that gay legal rights at a thankless time for it, when also the numerous civil civil liberties leaders roughly her — including her husband — avoided the subject, while others denounced the outright. In the 1980s and also ’90s, she offered the King facility to highlight exactly how AIDS had devastated the happy community and also black community alike.

Not every members that her household were ~ above board. The couple’s youngest child, the Rev. Bernice King, that was 5 years old once her dad died, led a march versus same-sex union in 2004. She appeared to readjust course, however, after ~ the groundbreaking U.S. Can be fried Court ruling of 2015, which establish same-sex marital relationship rights. Bernice climate issued a declare encouraging “the global community to respect and take on all LGBT … citizens v dignity and also love.”

In “The Heavens can Crack: The Death and also Legacy of martin Luther King Jr.” (Basic Books, 2018), author Jason Sokol chronicles just how President lyndon Johnson skipped King’s funeral in 1968 however took to the airwaves come discourage rioting.

See more: A Lot Of Experience Synonym, What Do You Call Someone With A Lot Of Experience


Baldwin, however, managed to to express his method in. Amongst the many in attendance in ~ Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta were celebrities the the era such as Sammy Davis Jr., Marlon Brando, Eartha Kitt, Sidney Poitier and also Harry Belafonte. Despite his grief, Baldwin did no cry, not until the funeral procession followed King’s casket outdoors, whereby a mule-drawn wagon stood all set to lug the slain civil civil liberties leader’s body for about four miles, past some 50,000 to 100,000 mourners, come his final resting place.

“I did not desire to weep because that Martin, tears seemed futile,” Baldwin later wrote. “I may likewise have been afraid, and also I can not have actually been the only one, the if I started to weep I would not be able to stop.”