Christianity versus Hinduism comparison chart ChristianityHinduismPlace of origin Place of worship Practices Use of statues and pictures Life after death Founder Means of Salvation Belief of God Clergy Goal of religion Followers Human Nature Literal Meaning Original Language(s) Marriage View of the Buddha Holy days/Official Holidays Symbols Population View of other Dharmic religions Religion which atheists may still be adherents of Confessing sins Authority of Dalai Lama Geographical distribution and predominance Religious Law About Day of worship Scriptures Status of Muhammad Second coming of Jesus God"s role in salvation Position of Mary Goal of Philosophy Rites imams identified as Identity of Jesus Use of Statues Place and Time of origin Names of God Branches Use of statues, images Belief Status of Vedas Prophets Jesus Promised Holy one. Abrahamic Lineage Birth of Jesus On Clothing Position of Abraham Death of Jesus Virtue on which religion is based upon Views on the afterlife Views on other religion On Women Holy Days No. of Gods and Godesses View of God Virtue(s) in which religion is based upon Promised Holy One Authority of Pope Related Religions
Roman province of Judea.

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Indian Subcontinent
Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings. Temple (Mandir)
Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Meditation, yoga, contemplation, yagna (communal worship), offerings in the temple.
In Catholic & Orthodox Churches. Common
Eternity in Heaven or Hell, in some cases temporal Purgatory. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached.
The Lord Jesus Christ. Not credited to a particular founder.
Through Christ"s Passion, Death, and Resurrection. Reaching enlightenment by the Path of Knowledge, the Path of devotion, or the Path of Good Deeds.
One God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Trinity. Many gods, but realize that they all come from Atman.
Priests, bishops, ministers, monks, and nuns. No official clergy. Gurus, Yogis, Rishis, Brahmins, Pundits, priests, priestesses, monks, and nuns.
To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. To break the cycle of birth, death and reincarnation, and attain salvation.
Christian (followers of Christ) Hindus.
Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God. Depends on sects.
Follower Of Christ. The followers of Vedas are called as Arya, noble person. Arya is not a dynasty, ethnicity or race. Anyone who follows the teachings of Vedas is considered Arya.
Aramaic, Greek, and Latin. Sanskrit
A Holy Sacrament. Man may marry one woman. However, kings in mythology often married more than one woman.
N/A. Some Hindu sects claim Buddha was an avatar of Vishnu. Others believe he was a holy man.
The Lord"s Day; Advent, Christmas; New Year, Lent, Easter, Pentecost, every day is dedicated to a Saint. Diwali, Holi, Janmashtami, Ganesh Chaturthi, etc.
Cross, ichthys ("Jesus fish"), Mary and baby Jesus. Om, Swastika, etc.
Over two billion adherents worldwide. 1 Billion.
N/A They believe that Buddhists, Jains, & Sikhs should reunite with Hinduism (which is the original Dharmic religion).
No. Charvakas and Sankyas are atheistic groups in Hinduism.
Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus. Repentance for unintentional sins are prescribed, but intentional sins have to be repaid through karmic consequences.
N/A. N/A.
As the largest religion in the world, Christianity has adherents are all over the world. As a % of local population, Christians are in a majority in Europe, North and South America, and Australia and New Zealand. Mainly in India, Nepal and Mauritius. Has significant population in Fiji, Bhutan, UAE, etc.
Varies among denominations. Has existed among Catholics in the form of canon law. Dharma shastras
Christianity broadly consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, often believe Christ is "the Son" of the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God ("the Father"). Devotion to the various gods & goddesses of Hinduism.
Sunday (most denominations), Saturday (Seventh-Day Adventist, Seventh-Day Baptist) Orthodox schools prescribe three prayer times a day: at dawn, noon and dusk.
The Holy Bible Vedas, Upanishad, Puranas, Gita. Smrti and Sruti are oral scriptures.
N/A. N/A.
Affirmed. N/A.
Humans cannot save themselves or ascend on their own to a higher level. Only God is good and therefore only God is able to save a person. Jesus came down from Heaven to save mankind. Beliefs vary by sect. Upanishads (scripture) say God chooses who gets salvation. Salvation is attained via good deeds and righteousness (following the "dharma" and avoiding sin)
Mother Of Jesus. Revered in all denominations. Degree of reverence varies from denomination. N/A.
Objective reality. Worship of God who created life, the universe, and is eternal. Christianity has its own philosophy, found in the the Bible. That philosophy is Salvation from sin, through the Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Salvation, freedom from the cycle of birth and reincarnation.
Seven sacraments: Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, holy orders, matrimony (Catholic and Orthodox). Anglicans: Baptism and Eucharist. Other denominations: Baptism and communion. Some Hindus believe in a "thread ceremony" for men.
N/A. N/A.
The Son Of God. N/A.
Varies by denomination. Not used in Protestant denominations; icons are used in Catholic & Orthodox denominations. Allowed, but not compulsory
Jerusalem, approx. 33 AD. Indian Subcontinent, beginning with the Vedic civilization circa 3000 BC
God, Gud, Gott, Deo, Dios. Jehovah, YHWH, Eli Elohim, (depending on language Christians are of every language and culture around the world) Brahman and many other names in other languages
Roman Catholics, independent Catholics, Protestants (Anglicans, Lutherans etc.), Orthodox (Greek orthodox, Russian orthodox). Shaivism and Vaishnavism
some denominations regard It as forbidden and Idolatry. Anglicans and Lutherans allow pictures but forbid venerating them. Catholics encourage pictures and statues and venerate them. Orthodox encourage pictures and venerate them. Common.
The Nicene Creed sums up Christian belief in the Holy Trinity. Diverse beliefs depending on sects.
N/A. Vedas are generally regarded as sacred in Hinduism. Post-Vedic texts like the Gita are also revered.
Prophets in the Bible are venerated. No prophets, but Rishis could be considered equivalent in Vedic times. Avataras of Vedic God are different from human reincarnations, but could be considered equivalent to Christian idea of God in flesh.
Son Of God. Second person of the Trinity. God the Son. N/A.
Second Coming of Christ Kalki, the 10"th avatar of Vishnu.
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. N/A.
Virgin Birth, through God. N/A.
Conservative Christians dress modestly; women may wear long skirts or dresses; men may wear dress clothes that do not show the chest, legs, and arms. More moderate or liberal Christians generally reject such clothing restrictions. Differ from region region.
Father of the faithful. N/A.
Death by crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Will return. N/A.
Love and justice. Follow righteousness.
Eternity in Heaven or Hell; some believe in temporal suffering in Purgatory, before admittance into Heaven. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached after which moksha is attained.
Christianity is the True Faith. Believe all religions have some truth in them.
Equal to men. In some denominations, they may become nuns. Mainly women are considered equal to men and there are many Goddesses in Hinduism.
Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Catholicism), saints" feast days. Diwali, Holi, Ram Navami, Hanuman Jayanti, Ganesh Chaturthi, etc. There are many holy days in Hinduism which differ from region to region.
1 God 33 Crore (330 million)
One Trinity God, Who Is the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Monists believe only Brahman exists, Pantheists believe all things/entities are God, Monotheistic sects consider God as immanent and transcendent and different from others. The Nasadiya Sukta even explores creation-ex-nihilo.
Love and justice. Follow dharma (righteouness), eternal law.
Second Coming Of Christ. Kalki, the 10th Avatar of Vishnu
Leader and overseer of the Catholic Church. his authority is completely rejected by Protestants, and is viewed by Orthodox as first among equals. Orthodox and Protestants reject Papal infallibility and Papal supremacy.

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