Classify these compounds as acid, base, salt, or other. NaOH, KCl, NH3, HNO3, HCOOH, CO2, NaBr, and CH3CH3?
Concepts and reasonThe problem is based on the concept of acid, base and salt.Acids are the electron acceptor or proton donor while bases are the compounds which can donate electron pair or can accept proton. Salts are the ionic compounds which are formed by the neutralization reaction of acid and base.
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FundamentalsAcids are the chemical species which can readily accept electrons or can donate proton. In aqueous solution, acid donates the proton. Strong acids dissociates completely in the aqueous solution.Bases are the chemical species which can readily donates an electron pair or hydroxyl ion or can accept proton. In aqueous solution, the base donates the hydroxyl ion. Salt are the neutral chemical compounds which are formed by the reaction between acid and base.
Consider the chemical reaction of HCOOH in the aqueous solution as follows:
In the aqueous solution, carbon dioxide
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Consider the chemical reaction of NaoH in the aqueous solution as follows:
The molecule of ammonia has lone pair. Therefore, is a base.From the compounds,NaOH and are basic in nature.